Reality: the only beneficiaries of trade restrictions are inefficient companies and special interests working to protect them from competition. A Free Trade Area (FTA) refers to a region in which a group of countries in that region signs an agreement that seals economic cooperation between them. EsTV`s main objectives are to remove trade barriers, including tariffs and import quotas from import quotas, state restrictions on the quantity of a given good that can be imported into a country. In general, these quotas are put in place to protect domestic industry and vulnerable producers and to promote free trade in goods and services between their Member States. The agreements have significantly improved the U.S. position in bilateral merchandise trade with FREI`s trading partners, which has increased surpluses or reduced deficits by $4.4 billion per country per year on average, according to the ITC, the authority that judges anti-dumping and anti-subsidy cases in the United States. It found, for example, that U.S. pork exports to Colombia have increased by 300 percent since a free trade agreement came into force in 2011. Outsourcing jobs in developing countries can become a trend with a free trade area. Due to the lack of health and safety legislation in many countries, workers may be forced to work in unsanitary and below-average work environments. Despite all the advantages of a free trade area, there are also some drawbacks: the growing rhetoric on the imposition of tariffs and the restriction of freedom of international trade reflects a resurgence of old arguments, which remain largely alive, because the benefits of international free trade are often diffuse and difficult to discern, while the benefits of protecting certain groups from foreign competition are often immediate and visible. This illusion feeds the general perception that free trade harms the U.S.
economy. It also tilts the balance in favour of special interests seeking refuge from foreign competition. As a result, the federal government is currently imposing thousands of tariffs, quotas and other trade barriers. An internal market actually creates a level playing field for each member and includes not only tradable goods and products, but also allows citizens of each Member State to work freely throughout the region.